「姓氏」在现代漢語中是一个词,但在秦漢以前,姓和氏有明显的區別。汹w從谀赶瞪缁幔桓鲂毡硎就桓瞿赶档難店P系。中國最早的姓,大都從「女」旁,如:姜,姚,姒,妫,嬴等,表示这是一些不同的老祖母傳下的氏族人群。而氏的産生则在姓之後,是按父系來标识血缘關系的结果,这只能在父權家長制确立時昌嬓可能。因此,当我们读到「黃帝軒轅氏,姬姓」以及「炎帝列山氏,姜姓」時,可以明白,中華民族共同始祖炎黃二帝原分属两个按母系血缘關系组织起來的部落或部落聯盟,一袘皙,一姓姬,而他们又分別拥有表示自己父權家長制首领的氏稱:列蓜Μ軒轅。姓和氏有嚴格區別又同時使用的的局面表明,母權制已讓位于父權制,但母系社会的影响还存在,这宙R跋煲恢钡酱呵飸饑葬岵胖鸾ハ觥   澷家姓》是我國流行最長,流傳最廣的噎hN蒙學教材。它的成書和普及要早于《三字經≠E>菽纤螌W者王明清抠Zぃ脮皫赘鲂帐系呐帕惺怯薪簿康模黑w是指趙宋,紵峄是國君的芯`響祝黃浯問清X姓,錢是五代十國中吳越國王的姓氏;孫为当時國王錢俶的正妃之姓;李为柠y茋趵钍稀K卸稀棟偌倚铡貳八剖橇秸沐X氏有國時小民所著”。所谓“有國”据史書记載,吳越在宋太祖開國後,还存在一秵柋间,至宋太宗興國二年才箩屃歸降。可見这本書蕽摫宋初年問壽嚹。   澷家姓》采用穗y蕴謇渚溲涸希淙凰哪谌菝挥形睦恚羴硭晨冢讓W好紶楷与《三字經≠Eⅰ肚ё治摹废嗯浜希晌覈糯蓪W中的固定教材,澷家姓》本來收集四百一十一个經增补到五百零四个姓,其中單姓四百四十四个,複姓六十个。该書颇具實用性,熟悉它,于過嬟今都是有裨益的。

全部百家姓導航

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 鐵伐 | | 鐵木 | | | | | | | | | | 吐萬 | | 拓略 | | | | | | | | 拓跋 | | | | | | | | 完顔 | | | | | | | | 嵬名 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 五鹿 | | | | | | | | | | | 西 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 鮮卑 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 相裏 | | | | | | | | | 校師 | | | | | | | | | | | | | 信都 | | | | | | | | | | | | 修魚 | | | 婿 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 軒丘 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 演陽 | | | | | 羊角 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 耶律 | | | | 伊婁 | | 乙弗 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 殷子 | | | | 殷勤 | | | | | 由章 | | | | | | | | | | 兀有 | | 由吾 | 有熊 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 羿 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 宿 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 張包 | | 北唐 | | | | | 吾丘 | | 北海 | | | | | | | 安陵 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 兆昆 | | | | | 滿 | | | | | | | | | | | | | 祿 | | | | | | | | 把利 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 中叔 | 仲長 | 中行 | | | | | | | 主父 | | | 朱文 | | 颛孫 | | | 莊上 | | 子雅 | 子豐 | 子革 | 子國 | 子孔 | 子人 | 子驷 | 子軒 | | | | | | | 宗聖 | 宗正 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 萬俟 | | 司馬 | | 上官 | 巴鄰 | 歐陽 | | 夏侯 | | 諸葛 | | 聞人 | | 東方 | | 赫連 | | 皇甫 | | 尉遲 | | 公羊 | | 澹台 | | 公冶 | | 宗政 | | 濮陽 | 淳于 | 單于 | | | 太叔 | | 申屠 | | 公孫 | | 仲孫 | | 軒轅 | | 令狐 | | 鍾离 | 宇文 | | | | | | | | 長孫 | | 慕容 | | 鮮于 | | 闾丘 | | 司徒 | | 司空 | | | 亓官 | | 司寇 | | | | 子車 | 颛孫 | 端木 | 巫馬 | 公西 | 漆雕 | 樂正 | 壤驷 | 公良 | 拓拔 | 夾谷 | 宰父 | 谷粱 | | | | | 那拉 | | 納喇 | 烏雅 | | | 範姜 | | 張廖 | 段幹 | 張簡 | 百裏 | 圖門 | 東郭 | 太史 | 南門 | 公叔 | 呼延 | 烏孫 | 歸海 | 馬佳 | 富察 | 羊舌 | 費莫 | 微生 | | | | | | | | 西門 | | | | | | | 梁丘 | 左丘 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 東門 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 南宮 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 第五 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 阿單 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 鄲郯 | | | | | 安國 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 巴林 | | | | | | | | | | | 北宮 | | | | | | | 碧魯 | | | | | | | | 蒼梧 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 貿 | | | | | | | | | | | | 長興 | | 長魚 | | 厹\ | | | | | | | | | | | | 闵陳 | | 陳观 | | | | | | | | 陳没 | | | | | | 遲p | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 赤松 | 赤翟 | | | | | | 赤張 | 叱幹 | | | | | | | 仇由 | | | | | | | | | | | 穿封 | | | | 褚師 | | | | | | | | | | | 達奚 | 大狐 | | | 達薄 | | | | | | 黨項 | | | | | | | | | 鄧李 | 厍狄 | | | | | | 第八 | 第六 | 第七 | 第三 | 第四 | 第一 | | | | 調 | | | | | | | 東野 | | | | 敦昍 | 獨狐 | | 獨孤 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 楓香 | | | | | | | | | 高堂 | | | | 谷梁 | 佟佳 | | | | | | | | | | | 函井 | 邯鄲 | | | | | | | | 斛律 | 胡母 | | | | 綦連 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 丌官 | | | | 練W | 沮渠 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 窟賀 | | | | | | | | | | | | | 樂王 | | | | | | | | | | | 裏安 | | 荔非 | | | | | | | | 於陵 | | 劉傅 | | | | 陸費 | | | | | | | 哧惱 | | | 馬徐 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 摩西 | | | | | 納蘭 | 南郭 | | | | | | | 叱奴 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 綦毋 | | 錢王 | | | | | 強梁 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 瑕丘 | | | 屈突 | | | 鹿 | | 全黃 | | | | | | 如花 | | 若幹 | | | | | 三川 | | 三烏 | | | | | | | | 蛇丘 | | | | | 申章 | | | | | 佘丘 | | | | | | | 侍其 | | | | 士孫 | | | 叔夜 | 叔山 | 叔仲 | 叔向 | 叔魚 | 叔梁 | 叔連 | 叔帶 | 叔敖 | 叔風 |